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The 6 Most Common Eye Problems

At any moment, an eye condition might strike. Some eye problems are expected as we age, while others are more significant. Learn the warning symptoms of eye disease.

There is a tendency to overlook how vital it is to care for your eyes if you haven’t had any problems in the past. Below is a list of the most common eye illnesses and how to spot them.

Eye examinations, prescription eyeglasses, and treatment at the first indication of a problem are ways to keep your eyes healthy for years to come if an eye exam is covered by your health insurance or consider purchasing a vision plan.

1. Cataracts

Age-related cataracts are the most prevalent cause of vision loss in persons over 50. (but can develop at any age). Cataracts may be caused by various factors, including injury, exposure to ultraviolet light, or the breakdown of proteins in the eye’s lens over time. Cataracts, if left untreated, may lead to permanent visual loss.

Treatment:

 There are several ways to cure cataracts, and surgery is the most prevalent. The extent of vision loss and its impact on your quality of life and capacity to function determine whether or not surgery is necessary.

Related: How to cure weak eyesight fast?

2. Keratoconus

The cornea is usually shaped like a ball; however, the cornea is flattened in some instances. However, the collagen that maintains the cornea in place might weaken and result in a cone-shaped cornea in a few cases. The medical term for this ailment is keratoconus. If you don’t get help immediately, you risk permanent eyesight loss. Many patients will need a cornea transplant if they do not get medication.

Treatment:

 Eyeglasses are often the first step in the healing process. Generally, rigid gas permeable contact lenses may be prescribed to reinforce the cornea and enhance eyesight—contact lenses. As a result, cornea collagen crosslinking and Intacs may help prevent development (implants placed under the cornea’s surface to reduce the cone shape and improve vision). A cornea transplant is the last option.

3. Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy may lead to blindness if left untreated because of the long-term high blood sugar levels associated with type 1 and 2 diabetes. As a result, vision may be impaired because of an increased risk of retinal degeneration caused by excess blood sugar in the eye. Diabetic retinopathy may occur in everyone with diabetes, regardless of whether they have type 1 or 2. Type of diabetes, frequency of blood glucose fluctuations, level of sugar management, and length of time with diabetes are all factors that influence a person’s risk.

Treatment:

 The vast majority of diabetic retinopathy instances may be prevented via laser surgery. Laser photocoagulation may seal or destroy retinal blood vessels growing or leaking.

4. Macular Degeneration

In this most common kind of blindness, the retina’s macula, responsible for detecting light, is harmed. Macular degeneration currently has no recognized treatment options. However, current medicines may delay or even halt the disease’s course.

Treatments for age-related macular degeneration may prevent severe vision loss or significantly delay the development of the illness. The following are a few of the therapy options:

  • The use of anti-angiogenic medications. These drugs are injected into the eye to prevent the formation of new blood vessels and blood flow from the aberrant vessels.
  • The use of lasers in treatment. Occasionally, high-energy laser light’s active destruction of aberrant blood vessels is possible.
  • Laser treatment using photodynamics. Using a light-sensitive medication, a two-step procedure is utilized to destroy the aberrant blood vessels. The eye’s unusual blood vessels are injected with a drug absorbed by the circulation. The medicine is activated by shining a cold laser into the eye, damaging the aberrant blood vessels.
  • In particular people with intermediate to severe dry age-related macular degeneration, vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, zinc, and copper may help prevent vision loss.

Related: How to improve your eyesight without glasses?

5. Glaucoma

The optic nerve in the eye is damaged by glaucoma, which progresses over time. Glaucoma is a disorder that affects the eyes and is often passed down through families. It may not manifest itself until later in life. The optic nerve, which delivers pictures to the brain, might be damaged by the increased intraocular pressure. Glaucoma may result in irreversible blindness if it continues to damage the optic nerve due to increased eye pressure. Glaucoma may be identified and treated before long-term vision loss develops if you visit your doctor frequently.

Treatment: 

After being diagnosed, glaucoma may be treated with surgery, lasers, or eye drops.

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